It is a spectacular place to have the credit of austerity policies in Europe phenomenon. In Belgium, the Belgian Labour Party (PTB) is a major breakthrough in the polls. According to recent polls, the party that claims to have clearly Marxist-Leninist get 8.1% of the vote in Wallonia for Federal and European elections to be held on May 25, 7.4% in Brussels and even 4.1% in the conservative Flanders. In the last parliamentary elections, the PTB had collected a little over 1% of the vote …
Pascal Delwit, political scientist and professor of political science at the Free University of Brussels, this phenomenon is due to several circumstances. First, the practice of overseas QuiÃ©vrain consensus. "All the major parties, with the exception of environmentalists Dutch and Flemish extreme-right Vlaams Belang are represented in the federal or regional governments," he explains. So, when citizens seek a sanction vote, they turn the "periphery. "Moreover, this progression of PTB is also accompanied by a rise of populist right Popular Party (PP) in Wallonia and Brussels, where he could reach 5% of the vote.
Belgium, despite its high level of debt (it has just passed 100% of GDP) and political chaos which lasted two years from 2010 to 2012, limited the damage during the crisis. Certainly, the growth was low, 0.2% in 2013 after 0.1% in 2012, but these are figures that are not very different from those of France or Germany. This resistance is due in large part by keeping the sliding scale of wages which helped maintain the purchasing power of households, explains Etienne CallataÃ¿, an economist at Bank Degroof, although a number of measures have weakened the poorest classes. Especially, many fear new "structural reforms" including the end of the sliding scale. An end, according to Etienne de CallataÃ¿ "needed to improve the country's competitiveness. "
Why the party? Belgium has a small Marxist tradition. The Belgian Communist Party (PCB) has disappeared from parliament in 1985 and, despite some implementation in the regions of LiÃ¨ge and Hainaut, it never exceeded 5% of votes at the national level after 1949. PTB has certainly taken positions in the former communist strongholds, but it goes further today. But what is this party?
"The PTB is a singular advantage in the European radical left, because it does not belong to the Communist tradition, nor the Trotskyist tradition," says Pascal Delwit. It is a Maoist party, as it existed everywhere in Europe in the 1960s and 1970s. But the PTB has survived the years 1980 and 1990, albeit confidential. In 2008, he made an important turning point. "While maintaining its Marxist-Leninist legacy, it is converted to modern communication," says Pascal Delwit. It has thus become an attractive party and very professional. The President of the PTB, the Antwerp Peter Mertens has been a "true leader" according to Pascal Delwit. His book, How dare they?, Has sold more than 30. 000 copies in Flanders and offered him a media visibility. But the PTB accompanied this communication work a real job in the field, including the establishment of medical homes. Gradually, the PTB has become an option for any part of the Belgian population.
Walloon Socialist Party of Prime Minister Elio di Rupo was very worried about the rise of PTB. Wednesday night, he prÃ©venuque "all voices are missing from the PS strengthen the option of a right-wing government and the use of restraint. "For Pascal Delwit, the battle between the PS and the PTB will be intense and he speaks of" body to body "between activists of the two parties at the end of the season. "In the last line, the PS will invest land and socialist personalities are popular in Wallonia," he adds. The argument of Socialists could wear as if the N-VA Flemish separatist party agrees to combine the traditional Liberal and Christian Democrat right (putting on hold its institutional requirements), a government of the right is not to exclude . "It is still very difficult to say whether the crystallization of vote benefit the PS or PTB," says political scientist.
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